Lange worked for the FSA periodically between 1935 and 1939, primarily traveling around California, the Southwest, and the South to document the hardships of migrant farmers who had been driven west by the twin devastations of the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl. But, compassion is not to be the only word used to describe her, her photography and her life. More information is also available about the film collection and the Circulating Film and Video Library. Updates? “Every image he sees, every photograph he takes, … That work was celebrated in 2006 with the publication of Impounded: Dorothea Lange and the Censored Images of Japanese American Internment, edited by historians Linda Gordon and Gary Y. Okihiro. Dorothea Lange’s Migrant Mother is widely recognized as the most popular social documentary photograph of all time. Dorothea Lange (1895-1965). Information from Wikipedia, made available under the. During the Great Depression, Lange photographed the desperate situation of the unemployed men she saw in San Francisco. “I saw and approached the hungry and desperate mother, as if drawn by a magnet,” she later recalled. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Dorothea Lange, “The Assignment I’ll Never Forget,” Popular Photography 46 (February, 1960). By visiting our website or transacting with us, you agree to this. By visiting our website or transacting with us, you agree to this. Her money ran out by the time she got to San Francisco, so she settled there and obtained a job in a photography studio. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected]. Mexican migrant worker, Imperial Valley, California, 1937; photograph by Dorothea Lange. Lange took photographs of unemployed people and difficult circumstances during that era. Who Was Dorothea Lange? Dorothea Lange, (born May 26, 1895, Hoboken, New Jersey, U.S.—died October 11, 1965, San Francisco, California), American documentary photographer whose portraits of displaced farmers during the Great Depression greatly influenced later documentary and journalistic photography. View Dorothea Lange’s 846 artworks on artnet. Lange studied photography under Clarence H. White in New York at the Columbia University.She did many informal apprenticeships at studios of photography in New York, including Arnold Genthe.She shifted to San Francisco in 1918 and the next year she opened her own studio for portrait photography. She is best known for her chronicles of the Great Depression and for her photographs of migratory farm workers. Pictures such as White Angel Breadline (1932), showing the desperate condition of these men, were publicly exhibited and received immediate recognition both from the public and from other photographers, especially members of Group f.64. Documentary photographer Dorothea Lange is best known for her work during the 1930s with Roosevelt's Farm Security Administration (FSA). Dorothea Lange, (born May 26, 1895, Hoboken, New Jersey, U.S.—died October 11, 1965, San Francisco, California), American documentary photographer whose portraits of displaced farmers during the Great Depression greatly influenced later documentary and journalistic photography. Unlike Ansel Adams, Lange was involved with the relocation from the beginning. In early March, 1936, Dorothea Lange drove past a sign reading, “PEA-PICKERS CAMP,” in Nipomo, California. We use our own and third-party cookies to personalize your experience and the promotions you see. Dorothea Lange (1895-1965) was a highly acclaimed social realist photographer who recorded one of the most important historical periods in American social history. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Photographer Dorothea Lange, whose picture Migrant Mother is one of the most famous photographs of the 20th century, believed it was important to lead a “visual life.” What did she mean by that? In an essay written with her son in 1952, Lange critiqued contemporary photography as being “in a state of flight,” seduced by the “spectacular,” “frenzied,” and “unique” at the expense of the “familiar” and “intimate.” It had become, she wrote, “more concerned with illusion than reality. During the course of her 40-year career, Lange’s style as a photographer proposed that social documentary photography is a humanist art form. Her second husband, economist Paul Taylor, provided the text. Her photographs of migrant workers, with whom she lived for some time, were often presented with captions featuring the words of the workers themselves. This image was first exhibited at The Museum of Modern Art in 1940, under the title Pea Picker Family, California; by 1966, when the Museum held a retrospective of Lange’s work, it had acquired its current title, Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California. Dorothea Lange (born Dorothea Margaretta Nutzhorn; May 26, 1895 – October 11, 1965) was an American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Workers extracting turpentine in a Georgia forest; photograph by Dorothea Lange, c. 1930s. Dorothea Lange was a photographer whose portraits of displaced farmers during the Great Depression greatly influenced later documentary photography. For access to motion picture film stills please contact the Film Study Center. She then received a Guggenheim fellowship in 1941, and the following year she recorded the mass evacuation of Japanese Americans to detention camps after Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor. After World War II, Lange created a number of photo-essays, including Mormon Villages and The Irish Countryman, for Life magazine. Her parents separated when Lange was 12, and she later assumed her mother’s maiden name. "Migrant Mother," a portrait of a world-weary mother and her three children is one of Lange's most well known images from this period. She made critical images, which the government suppressed for the duration of the war. Dorothea Lange was an American documentary photographer and photojournalist. Dorothea Lange was born on May 26, 1895, in Hoboken, New Jersey, and she died from cancer on October 11, 1965, in San Francisco, at the age of 70. Photography Birth Place: Hoboken (Hudson county, New Jersey, United States) Biography: Documentary photographer notable for her striking images of Depression era America. Following a move to the West she became one of the great portrait photographers of San Francisco’s upper crust. Courtesy of MACK The book’s title comes from a photo Lange made of a … Documentary photographer notable for her striking images of Depression era America. This socially conscious documentarian of Dust Bowl migrants in the 1930s took one of the most famous photographs of the Depression era, Migrant Mother. Dorothea Lange (May 26, 1895 – October 11, 1965) was an American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Dorothea Lange is best known as a documenter of America’s Great Depression. Lange’s first exhibition was held in 1934, and thereafter her reputation as a skilled documentary photographer was firmly established. Steichen included several of her photographs in the show. Dorothea Lange’s work helped to significantly develop the field of social documentary photography, which sought to use photographs to influence politics and encourage social change.